An Overview of Bariatric Surgery Types
June 28, 2017
Obesity is an epidemic in Australia. National Health Survey 2014-15 shows that a staggering 63.4 percent of Australian adults were overweight or obese, which is almost half of the country’s population. Obesity not only impacts the physical appearance of those affected, but also impacts their health and quality of life. Bariatric surgery offers people with morbid obesity an opportunity to overcome the condition and also resolve various obesity-related health problems. There are primarily three different types of bariatric procedures recommended for obese patients. If you or someone you know is battling obesity and considering bariatric surgery for weight loss, knowing the available bariatric surgery options and discussing them with a reputable bariatric surgeon helps you discover the best option for you. Continuing the discussion, the blog post describes common bariatric surgery types. Take a look.
Types and Benefits of Bariatric Surgery
Gastric Sleeve Surgery
Gastric sleeve surgery is a restrictive weight loss procedure in which the surgeon removes about 85 percent of the stomach, leaving a narrow sleeve that connects the intestines. Also known as vertical sleeve gastrectomy, the surgery restricts the capacity of the stomach to about 60 to 150 cc. Bariatric sleeve surgery leaves outlet valves and nerves to the stomach intact, with no compromise in stomach functions.
Key Benefits of Gastric Sleeve Surgery
- Fewer food restrictions, post surgery.
- Straightforward procedure.
- Reduced hunger due to removal of majority of hormones that stimulate hunger.
- Effective weight loss surgery for people with extreme BMIs.
- Suitable for patients with history of medical conditions such as anaemia, osteoporosis, intestinal obstruction, and vitamin and protein deficiency.
- Reduces the risk of developing dumping syndrome.
- Lowers chances of development of ulcers.
- An alternative surgical procedure for high risk patients.
- Can help in average weight loss of about 50 to 70 percent.
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery
The aim of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery is to create a food bypass from the stomach to the intestine. It involves the division of the stomach into two parts, with the upper section being sealed off from the lower. After which the upper stomach is then directly connected to the lower section of the small intestine. The bypass created from the stomach to the small intestine ensures that the body absorbs fewer calories.
Key Benefits of Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery
- A historically and clinically proven successful and effective procedure.
- May reduce hunger.
- Weight loss results can be swift and dramatic.
- Results in average weight loss of 70 to 90 percent.
- Keeps conditions aggravated by obesity such as diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, sleep apnea, arthritis, heartburn, and acid reflux in check.
SIPS Bariatric Surgery
SIPS bariatric surgery is an effective weight loss procedure. It combines a vertical sleeve with intestinal shortening procedure. This results in food reaching the distal intestine more rapidly, stimulating cells in this region to release metabolic hormones that alter hunger and satiety. SIPS bariatric surgery allows passage of ingested food directly into the faecal stream that assist in digestion, which is why SIPS is considered an efficacious procedure for obesity, with promise of improved quality of life.
Key Benefits of SIPS Bariatric Surgery
- Lowers protein, energy malnutrition, and vitamin deficiencies.
- Faster absorption of iron, calcium, and vitamin B12.
- Diabetes cessation post surgery.
- Reduced hunger.
- Reduced risk of developing dumping syndrome as pylorus is preserved.
- Lower risk of development of anastomotic ulcers and internal hernia.
- Perfect alternative for failed sleeves as it avoids anastomosis in area of adhesions and induration from prior surgery.
Final Few Words
A bariatric surgeon helps you finalize the best bariatric surgery type that can deliver the desired results. While undergoing bariatric surgery can result in substantial weight loss, the probability of a relapse is also high. That is why patients need to keep a check on their diet and lifestyle post surgery. If you are thinking of undergoing bariatric surgery for weight loss in Perth or anywhere in Australia, look no further than Perth Surgical and Bariatrics. We are a reputable bariatric speciality hospital dedicated to assisting every patient who wishes to fight obesity and lose weight through bariatric procedures. Our bariatric surgeons specialize in bariatric sleeve, SIPS, and Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass surgeries. To learn more about your weight loss options, schedule an appointment with our experts. You can also call us at 08 9370 9686.